Cancer of immune system- Lymphoma

Cancer of a part of the immune system called the lymphatic system is known as Lymphoma. Many types of lymphoma are there. From that one type is known as Hodgkin disease and the rest is known as non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

When a type of white blood cell, called a T cell or B cell, becomes abnormal on that time Non-Hodgkin lymphomas begin. Whenever the cell divides again and again it makes more and more abnormal cells. These sorts of abnormal cells will spread to almost any other immune system. In most of the cases, the doctor can’t determine why a person gets non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Generally doctors aren’t totally sure that what causes non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. Usually non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma occurs when a person’s body produces too many abnormal lymphocytes which are known as a type of white blood cell. Lymphocytes go through a predictable life cycle normally. Body creates new lymphocytes to replace when Old lymphocytes die. In the case of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, person’s lymphocytes don’t die, but it continues to grow and divide.

Painless swelling of the lymph nodes in the armpits, neck, or groin and/or enlargement of the spleen may be experienced by the people who have lymphoma. Increase in abnormal lymphocytes in the blood may also be found in them. People with lymphoma may experience others symptoms and these are given below:
•    Fatigue will happen
•    Fever may occur
•    Night sweats will happen
•    Unexplained weight loss may occur
•    Loss of appetite will feel
•    Itchiness may occur
•    Neck or flank pain will feel

Lymphoma may affect the person’s breathing, if the affected lymph node is in the chest; Lymphoma can cause abdominal discomfort if it is in the abdomen. Signs and symptoms are often mild when Lymphoma can sometimes be difficult to diagnose. While others might have a low-grade fever some people may have no noticeable signs.

A combination of cancer chemotherapy with or without radiation therapy is mainly used in Lymphoma treatment. High dose chemotherapy followed by stem cell transplantation may be used in some cases. Prognosis generally depends on the stage of the disease and grade of the disorder named lymphoma and in the general health of the person. Monitoring for the rest of the lives is needed for all the people diagnosed with lymphoma, even those whose lymphoma has been “cured” or put into remission. Many people never experience the lymphoma again after having it but in some people, it may recur years after the first disorder.

No way is available here to prevent the disorder lymphoma. Standard recommendation is available to avoid the known risk factors for this disorder. However, there are some factors for lymphoma which is unknown, and for this reason it is impossible to avoid.

Risk factors which can be avoided with frequent hand washing, practicing safe sex, and by not sharing needles, razors, toothbrushes, and similar personal items are which is infected with viruses such as HIV, EBV, and hepatitis. They are might be contaminated with infected blood or secretions.

People with this disorder have nothing to prevent this disease. Though treatment is there for this disorder and people with this disorder should follow all the therapy to overcome from this disease.